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Github as an absolute beginner
GitHub is a popular platform for version control and collaborative development. Here's a detailed tutorial on how to use GitHub as a developer:
Step 1: Create a GitHub Account
If you don't have a GitHub account, go to GitHub and sign up for a new account.
Step 2: Install Git
GitHub uses Git for version control. Install Git on your machine if you haven't already. You can download it from the official Git website.
Step 3: Set Up Git
After installing Git, configure your username and email. Open a terminal and run the following commands, replacing "Your Name" and "[email protected]" with your name and email:
git config --global user.name "Your Name"git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
Step 4: Create a New Repository
- Log in to your GitHub account.
- Click the "+" sign in the upper right corner and select "New repository."
- Fill in the repository name, description, and other options.
- Initialize this repository with a README if you want.
- Click "Create repository."
Step 5: Clone the Repository
To work on your local machine, you need to clone the repository:
git clone https://github.com/your-username/your-repository.git
your-repository with your GitHub username and repository name.
Step 6: Make Changes Locally
- Navigate to the cloned repository:
- Create or edit files as needed.
Step 7: Add and Commit Changes
Once you've made changes, add them to the staging area and commit:
git add .git commit -m "Your commit message here"
Step 8: Push Changes to GitHub
Push your changes to the GitHub repository:
git push origin main
main with the name of your branch if it's different.
Step 9: Create a Branch
Create a new branch for a new feature or bug fix:
git checkout -b feature-name
Step 10: Pull Requests
When your work on a feature or fix is complete, create a pull request on GitHub. Go to your repository, switch to the branch you created, and click "New pull request."
Step 11: Merge Pull Request
If your pull request is approved, merge it into the main branch on GitHub.
Step 12: Syncing Forks (if applicable)
If you forked a repository and want to sync it with the original, you can add a remote and pull changes:
git remote add upstream https://github.com/original-username/original-repository.gitgit pull upstream main
- Issues: Use GitHub issues to track tasks, enhancements, and bugs.
- README: Create a good README.md file to provide information about your project.
- .gitignore: Create a .gitignore file to specify files and directories that Git should ignore.
This is a broad overview, and GitHub has extensive documentation if you need more details on specific features. Happy coding!
Original Link: https://dev.to/vanshajpoonia/github-as-an-absolute-beginner-1jn7